Q & A 10
Image from REM's book
What do we need to be Catholic? A) Baptized B) Be a believer C) Obey the church
Baptism: for infants to adults by pouring water on the head
What to believe: the revelations of Gods and the traditions dogma of the church inspired by the Holy Spirit.
Where is the revelation? In the 72 Books of the Bible.
5. Members of EMMI-FAICL should have a profound knowledge of the Cosmic Christ. [Not Biblical and not Dogma]
In the John prologue, the gospel identifies Christ as the Logos or Word. In Ancient Greek philosophy, the term logos meant the principle of cosmic reason. In this sense, it was similar to the Hebrew concept of Wisdom, God's companion and intimate helper in creation. The Hellenistic Jewish philosopher Philo merged these two themes when he described the Logos as God's creator of and mediator with the material world. According to Stephen Harris, the gospel adapted Philo's description of the Logos, applying it to Jesus, the incarnation of the Logos.
Another possibility is that the title logos is based on the concept of the divine Word found in the Targums (Aramaic translation/interpretations recited in the synagogue after the reading of the Hebrew Scriptures). In the Targums (which all post-date the first century but which give evidence of preserving early material), the concept of the divine Word was used like Philo, namely, for God's interaction with the world (starting from creation) and especially with his people, e.g. Israel, was saved from Egypt by the action of "the Word of the LORD," both Philo and the Targums envision the Word as being manifested between the cherubim and the Holy of Holies.
In the beginning, was the Cosmic Christ, and the Cosmic Christ was with God, and the Cosmic Christ was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through the Cosmic Christ, all things were made; without the Cosmic Christ, nothing was made that has been made. In the Cosmic Christ was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
There was a man sent from God whose name was John. He came as a witness to testify concerning that light so that through him, all might believe. He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.
The true light that gave light to everyone was coming into the world. The Cosmic Christ was in the world, and though the world was made through the Cosmic Christ, the world did not recognize him.
The Cosmic Christ is a view of Christology which emphasizes the extent of Jesus Christ's concern for the cosmos. The biblical bases for Cosmic Christology is often found in Colossians, Ephesians, and the prologue to the gospel of John.
Irenaeus (c. 130 – c. 202 AD) offered one of the earliest articulations of Cosmic Christology in his Against Heresies. In his theory of atonement, Irenaeus speaks about how all of humanity was created good but tainted by sin, but all of creation was "recapitulated" and restored under the new headship of Christ. This "Cosmic" Christology would be a dominant view throughout much of the patristic period, as well as within Eastern Christianity, while alternative positions began to arise during the medieval period.
In the modern period, a renewed interest in the cosmic Christ would arise among a number of Western scholars interested in developing an eco-theology.
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was among the first to speak again of a cosmic Christ in the 1920s and 1930s. He understood the Incarnation as bringing the historical Christ into the material world and, through evolution, leading all creation towards perfection in the Omega Point (Omega-Christ).
Later scholars, such as Joseph Sittler, Matthew Fox, Richard Rohr and Jürgen Moltmann, would likewise speak about the need to reclaim a cosmic Christology to speak about Christ's concern for creation.
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin SJ, 1 May 1881 – 10 April 1955, was a French Jesuit priest, scientist, paleontologist, theologian, philosopher and teacher. He was Darwinian in outlook and the author of several influential theological and philosophical books. He took part in the discovery of the Peking Man. He conceived the vitalist idea of the Omega Point. With Vladimir Vernadsky, he developed the concept of the noosphere.
His posthumously published book, The Phenomenon of Man, set forth a comprehensible account of the unfolding of the cosmos and the evolution of matter to humanity, to ultimately a reunion with Christ. In the book, Teilhard abandoned literal interpretations of creation in the Book of Genesis in favour of allegorical and theological interpretations. The unfolding of the material cosmos is described from primordial particles to the development of life, human beings and the noosphere, and finally to his vision of the Omega Point in the future, which is "pulling" all creation towards it. He was a leading proponent of orthogenesis, the idea that evolution occurs in a directional, goal-driven way. Teilhard argued in Darwinian terms with respect to biology, and supported the synthetic model of evolution, but argued in Lamarckian terms for the development of culture, primarily through the vehicle of education.
CDs from the Manse Mediatech